The technical impact will depend on each solution.
Solution 1 will affect the development and deployment of U-space services, as it will result in new data and information exchange requirements, but these requirements will not affect the possible U-space architectures.
As for the current ATM systems, in order to integrate the new data coming from U-space services, several adaptations will be necessary for air navigation service providers, in particular in terms of how to display this information in a secure way, in order to increase situational awareness for ATCOs and avoid safety impacts and increased workload. Solution 1 will look at the human factor aspect of the problem, proposing solutions to be implemented by the ANSPs. In relation to information exchange, the solution will use SWIM-based interfaces, aligned with current standards and proposing new standards and proposing new requirements where necessary. The cyber-security aspects of information exchange will also be studied during the project.
For future U-space systems, easy and standardised access to ATM information will improve the security of operations and ensure a better sharing of the airspace between drones and manned aircraft. As foreseen in CORUS, airspace will be highly automated. In this perspective, a rapid and reliable exchange of information is essential to provide a sound technical framework for the deployment of U-space services and will allow USSPs to rapidly develop their offer with a high level of quality and safety.
One of the objectives is to reduce the changes needed on the ATM side, to avoid major investments or technical impacts.
Solution 2 will require the adaptation of ATM and U-space systems to ensure seamless integration between the two systems as requested by the mid- and term-phases of SESAR.
EconomicalPromote the drone market
In order to reach the promising economic impact, it is essential to deploy the necessary tools for the safe integration of new comers into the airspace in the VLL (Very Low Level).
According to the European Drone Outlook Study 2016, the value of the drone market will exceed EUR 10 billion annually, reaching a cumulative benefit of EUR 140 billion by 2035.
In order to get this economic impact, it is essential to deploy the necessary tools for the safe integration of drones into the airspace. Nowadays, drone operations in VLL are highly restricted and the authorization processes for some type of operations, for example, in controlled airspace are usually long and with very demanding requirements. The new European regulations are easing this process in order to unify the differences between the countries and to enable the opening of the airspace.
AURA will contribute to reach the expected economic potential of the drone market, through the development and validation of the integration between U-space services and current ATM systems. The further development of U-space services concept of operations through Solution 2 will also contribute to the rapid deployment of U-space roadmap in Europe.
SocialBenefit the society
The new drone applications will have a direct impact in society that will obtain direct benefit from the new services provided by drones. Today these benefits are a reality, for example with the use of drones for search and rescue missions or transport of medicines or blood preservation. This direct impact will grow in the future with the use of drones for applications as delivery or urban air mobility. AURA will contribute enabling the development of the drone sector, easing the deployment of the U-space services that will allow a safe use of the drones in the airspace.